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SALSA MLPA Probemix P050 CAH

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)

Region: CYP21A2 6p21.32

General information
The SALSA MLPA Probemix P050 CAH is a research use only (RUO) assay for the detection of large CYP21A2 gene deletions, which are associated with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH). This probemix should be used in conjunction with sequence analysis. Some frequent point mutations in the CYP21A2 gene can also be detected with this probemix, but reciprocal exchanges between CYP21A2 and its pseudogene will be missed.

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is an autosomal recessive disorder which results from a deficiency in one of the enzymes involved in cortisol biosynthesis. CAH affects about 1 in 5,000 births, with a carrier frequency of 1 in 35. In about 95% of cases, CAH is caused by deficiency of the steroid 21-hydroxylating enzyme encoded by the CYP21A2 gene. The inactive pseudogene CYP21A1P is located at a very close distance from CYP21A2. Both genes have 10 exons and are about 3.4 kb long. The great majority of the CYP21A2 mutant alleles arise through recombination between CYP21A2 and CYP21A1P. Approximately 20% of mutant alleles have DNA deletions of 30 kb that have been generated by unequal meiotic crossing-over, whereas 75% are due to gene conversion events, where an inactivating mutation is present in the CYP21A2 gene that is usually only present in the CYP21A1P pseudogene. Other genes in this unstable chromosomal region are the closely related complement genes C4A and C4B and the TNXB gene and its pseudogene TNXA.

Probemix content
The SALSA MLPA Probemix P050-C1 CAH contains 27 MLPA probes with amplification products between 130 and 382 nucleotides (nt). This includes eight probes for the CYP21A2 gene and four probes for the CYP21A1P pseudogene. Furthermore the probemix contains six probes for the TNXB gene and one for the ATF6B gene in order to further delineate CYP21A2 gene deletions. In addition, eight reference probes are included that detect autosomal chromosomal locations. Complete probe sequences and the identity of the genes detected by the reference probes are available online (www.mrcholland.com).

This probemix contains ten quality control fragments generating amplification products between 64 and 118 nt: four DNA Quantity fragments (Q-fragments), two DNA Denaturation fragments (D-fragments), one Benchmark fragment, and one chromosome X and two chromosome Y-specific fragments. More information on how to interpret observations on these control fragments can be found in the MLPA General Protocol and online at www.mrcholland.com.

SALSA Reference Selection DNA SD039
The selection of suitable reference DNA samples that can be used with P050 CAH is complicated. To facilitate the selection of suitable reference DNA samples from your own sample collection, a reference selection DNA sample (catalogue number SD039) is provided with this probemix from MRC Holland. Reference selection DNA SD039 should only be used for initial experiments on DNA samples from healthy individuals with the intention to identify suitable reference samples. SD039 should not be used as a reference sample in subsequent experiments. For further details, consult the Reference Selection DNA SD039 product description, available online: www.mrcholland.com. This product is for research use only (RUO).

Sample DNA
Sample DNA developed for this product:

Order Items

Probemix

Item no.
Description
Technology
Price
P050-025R
SALSA MLPA Probemix P050 CAH – 25 rxn
€ 243.00
P050-050R
SALSA MLPA Probemix P050 CAH – 50 rxn
€ 486.00
P050-100R
SALSA MLPA Probemix P050 CAH – 100 rxn
€ 972.00

Required Reagents (Sold Separately)

Item no.
Description
Technology
Price
EK1-FAM
SALSA MLPA EK1 reagent kit – 100 rxn – FAM
€ 300.00
EK1-Cy5
SALSA MLPA EK1 reagent kit – 100 rxn – Cy5
€ 300.00
EK5-FAM
SALSA MLPA EK5 reagent kit – 500 rxn – FAM
€ 1380.00
EK5-Cy5
SALSA MLPA EK5 reagent kit – 500 rxn – Cy5
€ 1380.00
EK20-FAM
SALSA MLPA EK20 reagent kit – 2000 rxn – FAM
€ 5295.00

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